Llevamos a cabo un descomposicion de prueba-t para muestras independientes para estudiar diferencias por genero con respecto al endoso sobre aquellos estereotipos.
- Significant correlations between nutrients and diet quality scores shown as *p a first and you may 99th percentiles having opportunity consumption have been omitted, b Nutrients modified getting time consumption. P-viewpoints generated using Spearman correlations. 05,> Dietary intakes of TCRAD score components by adolescents’ sociodemographic. characteristics are presented in Desk 4 . Mean energy-adjusted TCRAD score was higher in girls than in boys (7.5 vs. 7.0, p = 0.0004), lower in adolescents classified as high SES compared to those classified as medium and low SES (6.9 vs. 7.2 vs. 7.3, p Table 4 Versus girls, boys advertised significantly highest intakes out of milk products, light grain, tortillas, veggie petroleum, sweet drinks, money, meals, and you may processed foods. Teenagers inside the outlying parts consumed a great deal more light grain, beans, and make compared to the metropolitan residents. However, teens from inside the outlying (against. urban) portion advertised notably straight down intakes away from dairy food, vegetable oil, solid fats, sugary drinks, money, delicacies, and you will fast foodspared with teenagers categorized as the low SES, those people classified because high SES consumed much more dairy foods, sweet drinks, dough, and you may processed food items. In contrast, adolescents away from large SES consumed reduced white grain, kidney beans, and you may vegetable oils. There were zero variations in TCRAD areas from the ages classification. Compared to the “moderate” and you can “low” TCRAD get, most boys were considered to provides an excellent “highest score” (46.9%), many girls maintained a beneficial “reasonable get” (43.5%) (Second Figure step 1). A lot fewer boys (twelve.6%) was in fact from the “reasonable score” than simply girls (19.0%). A lot more teenagers from the reduced SES category had higher TCRAD get than others in the typical otherwise higher SES groups. Teens residing rural portion have been prone to has highest score (47.6%) versus. the urban equivalents (34.2%). There had been twice as many urban than simply outlying-residing teens with high TCRAD get (twenty-two.0 vs. eleven.4%). Conversation Considering previously used significance to possess conventional diet results various other communities, i adapted a vintage Costa Rican Teenage Diet plan (TCRAD) rating and you can displayed adequate internal legitimacy. Utilizing the TCRAD get revealed that just about forty% out of Costa Rican adolescents had a deeper adherence in order to a very-traditional Costa Rican adolescent weight reduction pattern. It is directly connected with intake regarding beans, vegetables, fruit, milk products, and you can oils that rating undoubtedly for the eating plan quality get and you can which can be abundant with varied micronutrients. According to all of our theory, each other teenagers away from rural section and the ones from reduced socioeconomic updates had a far more antique and you will nutritious diet; not, we declined the newest theory getting differences by sex, such that girls had extreme all the way down conventional diet high quality than boys. Consumption of fiber, folate, magnesium, and you may potassium are large certainly one of teens having large TCRAD get. Procedures made to increase the usage of these nourishment-steeped foods (such as for instance beans, fresh fruit, and you may create) within a good diet certainly one of adolescents is going to be observed to end non-communicable persistent condition beginning in more youthful adulthood. These nutrients enjoys multiple physical outcomes, along with antioxidant and you can anti-inflammatory passion and angiogenesis, that might help explain their organization with minimal exposure for all-produce mortality, cardiovascular illnesses, malignant tumors, and diabetes (61). There’s absolutely nothing variability altogether sugar usage, which may explain the lack of correlation ranging from total glucose practices in addition to TCRAD rating. Because of the association between higher glucose consumption in addition to threat of obesity and you will heart-metabolic state (49), answers to down glucose intake and you may improve the adolescent diet is out-of highest personal wellness desire. In contrast to the fresh new conclusions of other knowledge (62–66), increased ratio away from male adolescent had a leading TCRAD get, despite highest intakes out-of items you to definitely negatively led to it. Given that boys and you will girls got equivalent consumption away from vegetables and fruits, the better diet plan top quality for the boys can be due to large intake regarding kidney beans and you will dairy foods. The everyday consumption of these food might have been defined as region of dietary development away from much time-stayed people in the new “Blue Area” of Nicoya Peninsula inside the Costa Rica (67).